Forster into three parts. The first part, "Mosque," begins with what is essentially a description of the city of Chandrapore.
Allstar Picture Library InEM Forsterlooking back in old age, wrote that the late-empire world of A Passage to India "no longer exists, either politically or socially".
Today, approaching years after its composition, the novel is probably as "dated" as ever. The part of A Passage to India that most readers remember, of course, is the tortuous romantic drama of the Marabar caves.
But Miss Quested, as her name implies, has other ideas. Rejecting the prejudice and insularity of the British community, she sets out to investigate the "real" India, assisted in her search by Dr Aziz, a young Muslim doctor who naively wants to promote an entente between the master race and its colonial subjects.
Each, in turn, is encouraged by the head of a local government college. There, in a classic episode of Forsterian "muddle", something happens between Aziz and Adela that disgraces the doctor, and inflames the furious hostility of the British sahibs.
In the crisis, Aziz, already disdained as "spoilt westernised", is imprisoned. There, in the closing part of the novel, he is visited by Fielding, the British schoolteacher who had been his great confidant and friend.
The Aziz-Fielding relationship tormented Forster. In a passage that caused him great creative agony, he wrestled with the complexity of an east-west understanding. It was an experience he never forgot, and it was into his fictional caves of "Marabar" that he sent Mrs Moore and her young companion, Adela, in the central and all-important section of his masterpiece, Part II, Caves.
On his return from India, he began to write an Indian novel, but abandoned it to write Maurice, a novel of homosexual desire that would not be published until after his death. He did not return to his "Indian" manuscript untilhaving recently accepted a post as private secretary to the Maharajah of Dewas.
Nevertheless, the experience of writing the novel was hardly fulfilling to him. He admitted privately that he was "bored by the tiresomeness and conventionalities of fiction-form", especially "the studied ignorance of the novelist".
Forster borrowed his title from a Walt Whitman poem of the same name in Leaves of Grass. By the end of the year, there were 17, copies in print in Britain and more than 54, in the US.
Only in India were critics exercised by his portrait of Anglo-Indian society. Today, he is seen as eerily prescient. As many have noted, Forster never wrote another novel, and lived untilaged Maurice writtenan explicitly homosexual novel, was published posthumously in In search of the 'real' India: Judy Davis as Adela Quested in David Lean's adaptation of A Passage to India, Photograph: Allstar Picture Library I n , EM Forster, looking back in old age, wrote that the late-empire world of A Passage to India "no longer exists, either politically or socially".
A Passage to India was published on 4 June by the British imprint Edward Arnold, and then on 14 August in New York by Harcourt, Brace and Co. Forster borrowed his title from a Walt Whitman. See a complete list of the characters in A Passage to India and in-depth analyses of Dr.
Aziz, Cyril Fielding, Adela Quested, Mrs. Moore, and Ronny Heaslop. A Passage to India study guide contains a biography of E.M. Forster, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
About A Passage to India A Passage to India Summary. In Part 1, "Mosque," the novel opens with a panoramic view of the fictional city of Chandrapore, India.
The narrative shifts to Dr. Aziz, who is called away from dinner with his friends by his superior at the hospital, Major Callendar. A Passage to India () is a novel by English author E. M. Forster set against the backdrop of the British Raj and the Indian independence movement in the s.
It was selected as one of the great works of 20th century English literature by the Modern Library and won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction.