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How to Write a Summary of an Article? This question is relevant, in that it asks us to reflect on how simple commodities such as tea can distinguish social differences between classes, both past and present; it also allows us to ponder on how tea was popularized into the daily-consumed beverage it is to this day with people of all class backgrounds.
In her book A Necessary Luxury: Tea in Victorian EnglandJulie E. There are variations on the origin of the afternoon tea ritual.
While tea was already a luxurious beverage at the time, when to drink tea during the day became a national cultural custom. Upper-class citizens caught on with this trend, participating in a ritual that would define a nation. Upper-class families would participate in low tea at a good hour between lunch and dinner.
The wealthy and privileged groups of 19th century England took pride in their customs; with the custom of tea, they spared no expense in staying true to their idealized rituals.
Low tea was a daily practice for the upper classes. Martha Chute created a series of watercolor paintings that portrayed daily life at the Vyne in Hampshire in the mid-nineteenth century.
This particular watercolor Pettigrew, 99 depicts a dining room table prepared for breakfast with the tea urn in the middle of the table and the tea cups laid out. They are only concerned with having a good time with the somewhat disgusted women in the painting while they consume heavy amounts of tea, symbolizing their refinery and high social class status.
Beeton reinforces the notion that these products were expected to be present at the tea table for afternoon tea with the upper classes. For the upper-classes, afternoon tea could be taken out to the garden.
In an graphic artwork titled Kettledrum in Knightsbridge, Pettigrew, the artist displays men, women, and a child socializing in a garden, with trees and flowers surrounding them, while they enjoy their afternoon tea.
From this context, Pettigrew hints that scandalous gossip was common in between people in the upper classes during afternoon tea, and that it was better to gossip outdoors rather than indoors. Staying true to the specific hours with afternoon tea was significant to the upper classes in order to preserve the expectations that came with afternoon low tea.
The relationships between upper-class families and servants were distinguished with tea. Tea was so relevant during the 19th century that Pettigrew notes how upper-class families would rarely take a break from it.
On Sundays, instead of eliminating tea from the day entirely, upper-class families would substitute their afternoon tea for high tea, which included heavier foods to replace dinner, all for the sake of allowing their maids and servants go to church.
Servants of the Queen reference her liking of tea in the 19th century as well.
From her early days in Scotland, when Brown and the other gillies used to boil the kettle in a sheltered corner of the moors while Her Majesty and the young Princesses sketched, the refreshing cup of tea has ever ranked high in the Royal favour.
A photograph from the s presents a clear black-and-white image of what tea time looked like for the wealthy; in this particular case, for the Prince and Princess of Wales as they socialize with the Rothschild family at Waddesdon Manor in Buckinghamshire, Pettigrew, In the photo, we see a garden tea party taking place, both men and women well-dressed, all sitting down in a straight posture except for the single servant, the tea table set with the tea urn in the middle, a tent set up, and even an umbrella placed at an angle to prevent any discomfort from the sun.
While consuming tea was popular in the 19th century, the art and strategy of selling it as a valuable commodity grew in trend. Advertisements in the 19th century for tea advocated certain product brands, claiming that that specific brand was better than the rest, even hinting that they were a brand for more sophisticated, upper-class tea drinkers.
An advertisement for Lipton, Tea, Coffee and Provision Dealer Fromer, 84 attempts to differentiate regular tea drinkers from Lipton tea drinkers: Their features are smooth and regular, their cheeks are pleasingly plump, and they wear bonnets over their fashionably curled hair. In the advertisement, the choice to drink other tea besides the Lipton brand is reflected on their mis-shaped bodies, poor etiquette, and disappointing behavior.
Tea and its consumption reinforced social class boundaries in 19th century England. A drunken infidel weaver! The very thought of it is inconceivable to him, especially seeing how Margaret invited the mill worker for tea.
The working class was distinguished by having less etiquette and being not nearly as strict with their tea rituals as the middle and upper classes. Tea for the poor was still cherished, was still valuable, but as far as how refined they could be, based on their social class status alone, they constantly went through hard times on a daily basis.
The poor and working class participated mostly in high tea, which was substituted for dinner.In the popular imagination, informed as it is by Hogarth, Swift, Defoe and Fielding, the eighteenth-century underworld is a place of bawdy .
England is a very proud, poised, traditional, and great country that will act for its needs. English history began in , BC with a boxgrove man from West Sussex.
He was the first human known in England. Volume VI, Number 2. THE LONG EUROPEAN REFORMATION: A PROPOSAL FOR A NEW INTERPRETIVE MODEL Peter Wallace.
In the spring of the Catholic pastor for the small town of Munster in Upper Alsace, Antoine Maurer, petitioned his religious superior, the bishop of Basel, to order Maurer’s patron, the Benedictine abbot in . Today, the country seems poised to ban eugenic abortion.
December 27, Filip Mazurczak Features, Special Report 3 Print Marchers participate in the March for Life and the Family in Krakow in. A watercolor painting by Thomas Unwins () titled Living off the Fat of the Land, a Country Feast (Pettigrew, ) illustrates “high tea in a country cottage,” with what is depicted as a lower class family eating hams, cheeses, and baked bread while drinking tea.
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