Critical and Biographical Studies 1. He was the second child of Lucien Auguste Camus, a military veteran and wine-shipping clerk, and of Catherine Helene Sintes Camus, a house-keeper and part-time factory worker.
The two broke off relations after… Early years Less than a year after Camus was born, his father, an impoverished worker, was killed in World War I during the First Battle of the Marne.
His mother, of Spanish descent, did housework to support her family. Camus and his elder brother Lucien moved with their mother to a working-class district of Algierswhere all three lived, together with the maternal grandmother and a paralyzed uncle, in a two-room apartment.
Both collections contrast the fragile mortality of human beings with the enduring nature of the physical world. A period of intellectual awakening followed, accompanied by great enthusiasm for sport, especially football soccerswimmingand boxing.
Inhowever, the first of several severe attacks of tuberculosis put an end to his sporting career and interrupted his studies. Camus had to leave the unhealthy apartment that had been his home for 15 years, and, after a short period spent with an uncle, Camus decided to live on his own, supporting himself by a variety of jobs while registered as a philosophy student at the University of Algiers.
At the university, Camus was particularly influenced by one of his teachers, Jean Grenier, who helped him to develop his literary and philosophical ideas and shared his enthusiasm for football.
To regain his health he went to a resort in the French Alps—his first visit to Europe—and eventually returned to Algiers via Florence, Pisa, and Genoa. For a short period in —35 he was also a member of the Algerian Communist Party. He maintained a deep love of the theatre until his death.
Ironically, his plays are the least-admired part of his literary output, although Le Malentendu Cross Purpose and Caligula, first produced in andrespectively, remain landmarks in the Theatre of the Absurd. These articles, reprinted in abridged form in Actuelles IIIdrew attention 15 years in advance to many of the injustices that led to the outbreak of the Algerian War in Camus took his stand on humanitarian rather than ideological grounds and continued to see a future role for France in Algeria while not ignoring colonialist injustices.
He enjoyed the most influence as a journalist during the final years of the occupation of France and the immediate post-Liberation period.
As editor of the Parisian daily Combatthe successor of a Resistance newssheet run largely by Camus, he held an independent left-wing position based on the ideals of justice and truth and the belief that all political action must have a solid moral basis.
Later, the old-style expediency of both Left and Right brought increasing disillusion, and in he severed his connection with Combat. By now Camus had become a leading literary figure. La Chute reveals a preoccupation with Christian symbolism and contains an ironical and witty exposure of the more complacent forms of secular humanist morality.
Inat the early age of 44, Camus received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Less than three years later he was killed in an automobile accident. Legacy As novelist and playwright, moralist and political theorist, Albert Camus after World War II became the spokesman of his own generation and the mentor of the next, not only in France but also in Europe and eventually the world.
His writings, which addressed themselves mainly to the isolation of man in an alien universe, the estrangement of the individual from himself, the problem of eviland the pressing finality of death, accurately reflected the alienation and disillusionment of the postwar intellectual. He is remembered, with Sartre, as a leading practitioner of the existential novel.
Though he understood the nihilism of many of his contemporaries, Camus also argued the necessity of defending such values as truth, moderation, and justice. In his last works he sketched the outlines of a liberal humanism that rejected the dogmatic aspects of both Christianity and Marxism.Exile and the Kingdom (French: L'exil et le royaume) is a collection of six short stories by French writer Albert Camus.
The underlying theme of these stories is human loneliness and feeling foreign and isolated in one's own society. Camus writes about outsiders living in Algeria who straddle the divide between the Muslim world and alphabetnyc.com: Albert Camus.
Plague, Fall, Exile And The Kingdom And Selected Essays by Albert Camus, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. Start your hour free trial to unlock this 7-page Exile and the Kingdom study guide and get instant access to the following: Critical Essays; You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides and , Homework Help .
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