This is at the lowest level. The Office of the president is of great importance. He is charged with the responsibility of supervision and coordination of the activities of the Panchayat.
Essay on the Panchayati Raj in India Article shared by: In this essay you will learn about the Panchayati Raj in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: Panchayati Raj and India 2. Difficulties of the System 4.
Achievement of the System 5. Essay on the Panchayati Raj and India: In the past states used to be police states and their main concern was that of punishing die people and collecting taxes. During Hindu period as long as the villages paid the taxes the state did not interfere in their working and thus the villages enjoyed considerable autonomy.
Each village Panchayat decided its own cases and hardly a matter was referred to the central government. The idea of Punch Parmeshwar i. The same position Panchayti raj essay under the Muslims as well. But the British rulers in India wanted to change the situation.
Instead of decentralisation they followed the policy of centralisation, but found that unsuitable for India.
Many healthy village institutions got decayed during British stay in India. InDecentralisation Commission in its report pointed out that by ignoring the village as the primary unit of local self-government, Panchayti raj essay government has made die beginning with a false step. It also suggested that it is most desirable to constitute and develop village panchyats for administration of certain local affairs in the villages.
But the government did not pay any serious attention to this recommendation. It was under die Act of that some state enacted certain laws aiming at reviving panchyati raj institutions. More attention was paid to these institutions in when power was transferred to Congress party in some provinces but these received set back when these resigned in During freedom struggle national leaders in India assured the people that in free India Panchayats will get back their lost power and glory.
Mahatma Gandhi, strongly believed in the establishment of Panchayati Raj and in decentralisation rather than centralisation of powers and authority. The system of community development as a first step was started in Under the system each state was divided into blocks under the supervision of a Block Development Officer.
But somehow the system did not work well because die desired co-operation of the villagers to the whole programme was not forthcoming. The Committee had wide terms of references. It was to suggest arrangements for the execution of the programme with special reference to intensification of activities in the sphere of agricultural production and measures of co-ordination between different Ministries at the centre.
It was also to suggest organisational structure and methods of work with a view to securing greater speed in the despatch of business. Its other terms of reference were: The Committee was also given full liberty to suggest any measure for the improvement of die scheme.
It submitted its report by the close of the year and recommended establishment of Panchayati Raj System. It suggested that whole system should be so organised that the villagers participated in their own affairs and the rural people developed a capacity for taking decisions. The Committee also-recommended that there should be elected bodies at village, block and district levels.
The government should also try to surrender some departments completely to the villages. It suggested that adequate financial resources should be provided to these bodies to enable them to discharge their obligations.
These institutions should also be made a channel for all programmes of social and economic development.
It did not favour a uniform system throughout the country but was of the view that each state should be free to develop its own pattern keeping basic principles of the scheme in view. It was of die opinion that rural development could not be possible without local initiative.24th April, was a landmark day in the history of Panchayati Raj in India as on this day the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, came into force to provide constitutional status to the Panchayati Raj institutions.
Essay about Panchayati Raj INDIAN PANCHAYATS Indian PANCHAYATS are endowed with the responsibility of taking care of the administration in the Indian villages and sub-urban areas in the country.
words essay on Panchayati Raj of the National Development Council a committee was constituted under Sri Balwantrai Mehta to look into the problems of Panchayati Raj. Along with many other recommendations, he made a recommendation to have a three tier system of Panchayati Raj.
Besides Village Panchayati, there shall be a village. Panchayati Raj And Rural Development In India Politics Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers.
You can view samples of . Essay on the Introduction to Panchayati Raj System Essay on the Features of 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, Regarding Panchayati Raj System Essay on the Organizational Structure of Panchayati Raj System. J&K PANCHAYATI RAJ ACT 73rd Amendment Act of Indian Constitution related to Panchayti Raj System is not applicable to state of J&K.
The Panchayats in J&K are still based on the J&K Panchayati Raj Act