Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. American Plains Indians are best known for responsive, respectful and important animal relation with bison. The seasonal movements or migration of the Plains Indians took place as a direct response to the equally seasonal migration of buffalo herds.
Every cultural aspect of these communities namely food, drink, tools, shelter, fire, myth and spirituality as well as seasonal migration was directly related to the lives of the vast buffalo herds.
This great mammal was a main staple for many of these tribes both physically and economically. Natives hunted the buffalo for meat, sold its furs to get an income, and used other artifacts derived from the buffalo in ceremonial practices.
It would be an understatement to say that this animal was important to natives; it was more of a necessity. The demise of the American Buffalo Bison Bison are American mammals that once roamed North America in great numbers estimated at between 30 to 60 million, but which today exist as a species that was once almost extinct but which is now slowly growing back.
They surpassed the great wildebeest herds of Africa to stand out as the largest number of grazing animals in the world. These great mammals graced the American landscape with a mighty presence providing the Native Americans with food, clothing, shelter, fuel and artifacts. Later when the Europeans migrated to North America, the bison furnished them with food, warm coats and robes, as well as dung for their cooking fires.
The first herd of bison are said to have their origin in Siberia, having migrated into North America over one million years ago through the Bering Strait that connects North America and Alaska.
Over a 3, year period that followed, Paleo-Indian The destruction of the bison essay developed very efficient weaponry and utilized both artificial and natural features to trap the animals and carry out communal killings.
But after this period, both bison and hunters decreased in number due to adverse climatic conditions and bison hunting declined for some time. Climatic conditions however improved about 2, to 3, years later and the bison returned to the plains once again, becoming a subsistence strategy for the humans Isenberg 10; Frison North American prairie plains were dominated by nomadic tribes whose style of living varied between simple subsistence farming, hunting and gathering.
Climatic conditions often dictated the necessary choice of life that a particular tribe would make. But the prairie plains culture was basically founded upon the bison, which affected the lives of Native Americans between the area west of the Mississippi Valley and the Rocky Mountains.
These people lived in bands of between 50 to persons because such a number was capable handling an entire bison drive. Controlled grassland burning was an annual practice and the tender shoots would attract large herds of bison in the same area especially in early summer making hunting easier for the people.
The bison would often be driven into corrals where they would be killed. But around the s, Europeans arrived with horses that drastically changed the Native American lifestyle. The natives lived peaceably with the buffalo and wherever the buffalo went, there were the people.
Bison and other animals were treated in the same manner that the Indians treated other humans. They were to be treated with special care, love and attention. No part of the slain buffalo was wasted as the meat provided food; skins were made into clothing; hair was stuffed into saddle bags and pillows; hooves were ground into glue; sinews were made into bowstrings; bladders and stomachs into water bags; and the skull painted in honor of the slain buffalo and placed in a position facing the sunrise.
But this peaceful co-existence of the buffalo and the Native Americans was rudely interrupted by the arrival of white settlers in the land and their railway building project. According to the natives, the railway disrupted the natural co-existence of people and animals because it divided the land by half, making life very difficult for the buffalo and the people.
But soldiers were sent to kill the buffalo and when these failed to hold back the buffalo, the army sought assistance by hiring hunters who came and killed the buffalo immeasurably. Buffalo bones littered the land and this made the buffalo give up the fight.
Between the years andthe plains Indians experienced one of the most devastating changes to their lifestyle, the near extinction of the American bison.
Bison had for many years inhabited the vast central plains of North America and had become a very crucial part of the Native American livelihood. It is estimated that millions of bison roamed the plains south of River Platte between the s and s but that virtually none existed by mids.
During the times of Native only populations, buffalo thrived. It is estimated that before European contact, there were 30 million buffalo and although drought and several other environmental factors periodically depleted the bison population, it always regenerated until the Native Americans and Euro-Americans almost led to the extermination of this species in the 19th century.
Although certain claims state that Native Americans did not waste any part of a felled buffalo, the Indian hunters had a role to play in the decline of the bison population especially in the mid 19th century when trade in the bison robe heightened.
West 51; Isenberg The destruction of the bison population mostly took place between late s and s when the demand for meat to cater for sportsmen and railroad construction workers increased tremendously. An industrial market for hides was also growing and the plains buffalos became an easy target for the product.
The plains Native tribes traded with the white settlers in bison skin robes and meat, in exchange for many of the other things that they could not provide for themselves.
As trade increased, hunting for bison became vigorous and the herds continued to diminish in great numbers.Essay: Bison Restoration in the Great Plains and the Challenge of Their Management Judith L., "Essay: Bison Restoration in the Great Plains and the Challenge of Their Management" ().Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences habitat destruction, competition from exotic species, and introduced diseases.
Isenberg. Essay about The Destruction of the Bison - Andrew Isenberg said that “the destruction of the bison was not merely the result of human agency but the consequence of the interaction of human society with a dynamic environment.” Humans and nature both played a large role in the ultimate demise of the bison.
Andrew Isenberg said that "the destruction of the bison wasn't merely the consequence of individual agency but the effect of the discussion of human society with a dynamic environment." Humans and character both played a huge role in the eventual death of the bison.
The decline of the buffalo is largely a nineteenth-century story. The size of the herds was affected by predation (by humans and wolves), disease, fires, climate, competition from horses, the . Destruction of the Bison Essay “The Destruction of the Bison” is an Environmental History novel comprised of a variety of evidence as to why the Bison became extinct.
Andrew C. Isenburgs thesis states, “A host of economic, cultural, and ecological factors pushed the bison toward their near extinction. An Enviro nmental History, – ANDREW C. ISENBER G Princeto n University book eventually leads to the destruction of the bison.
Why consider so many seemingly disparate subjects?
|The Demise of the American Buffalo (Bison) Essay Sample||The first is prescribed burning. The goal of prescribed burning is to reduce the amount and density of surface fuels in a controlled manner.|
|Free Example - Article Concerning The Destruction of the Bison | Sample||The essay did not fit your needs?|
|Habitat Destruction Essays: Examples, Topics, Titles, & Outlines||National Archives "the fury of the slaughter for hides and other products" Again largely a nineteenth-century tale, the final stage from to was notable for the fury of the slaughter for hides and other products. In the first of five railroads split the herd in the heart of buffalo range, a process repeated again and again.|
Because, a host of economic, cultural, and ecological factors herded the bison toward their near- the cultural mythology of the bison can consult.